Proof that other humanoids existed into recent history has been found by the University of Oxford. "She was captured by a local merchant in the 1850s who hired a group of hunters to subdue and shackle her in the mountainous terrain," says the article from the UK Daily Mail.
She was "tamed" by a nobleman and went on to have offspring with humans. The discovery was made after testing these descendents DNA.
Makes me think of this really cool BBC Horizon special "Mystery of the Human Hobbit." A pygmy style human evolved after a catastrophic volcanic eruption isolated other species as well. Really cool stuff. Goes to show the mainstream ideas of human history are rather close-minded and narcissistic.